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What is a developed explanation and what does it look like?

A developed explanation sees knowledge and understanding appropriately selected and used to answer the question, with added detail and depth of understanding to expand on that explanation while maintaining a focus on the question. Comments on marks awarded are in red italics.

  • For Q1d the L3 range of marks for answers that give a one-sided explanation is 4-6 marks. The L4 range of marks for answers that give explanation(s) of each side is 7-9 marks.
  • For Q1c and optional part b questions the L3 range of marks for answers that give explanation(s) is 5-7 marks (Table 1).
  • For optional part c questions, the L3 range of marks for answers that give a one-sided explanation is 7-9 marks. The L4 range of marks for answers that give explanation(s) of each side is 10-12 marks (Table 2).
  • The descriptors within the mark scheme for L3/L4 for Q1d and optional part c questions are identical.

Two examples of developed explanation are given below, one for Q3b (L3/5-7 marks) and another for Q3c (L3/7-9 marks, both examples use responses written by candidates:

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Q3b Explain why there were three Round Table Conferences between 1930 and 1932.

The first Round Table Conference was held because the 1909 and 1919 reforms had failed to win support and the British did not know what to do. The rejection of the Simon Commission made them realise that they needed to talk to the parties in India (L3 (simple) explanation). Hindu and Muslim groups had parted ways and their constant conflict made the British realise that talks needed to be held. Hence the first Round Table Conference was held (L3 developed explanation). Additionally, as Congress was not present at the First Round Table Conference and as it was the biggest party, no decisions could be made final so a second Round Table Conference was called. (L3 (simple) explanation).

7 marks

One developed explanation of the initial simple explanation about the about the purpose of the Round Table Conferences is credited followed by a second simple explanation which is also credited. Maximum marks were achieved by this response.

Q3c: To what extent was Direct Action Day more significant in the creation of Pakistan than other key events of the 1940s? Explain your answer.

Direct Action Day was organised by Jinnah on 16th August 1946. It was intended to be a peaceful demonstration to portray Muslim strength to the British so they may be prevented from handing over India to Congress (L3 (simple) explanation). As the protest got violent in Calcutta where nearly 4000 people died the British feared civil war if Congress ruled everyone and so they thought again making the day a very significant event in the emergence of Pakistan. (L3 developed explanation).

8 marks 

One developed explanation of the (simple) explanation about the significance of Direct Action Day in the creation of Pakistan is credited.

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